The Botanical Survey at Indian Village!

I chose the Indian Village camp site (Duranceau Park) to do the botanical survey. It’s the same place where I went out looking for trees🌳!  Here are a map of this park. It is a park next to Scioto river with acidic soil, locate at  (40.0210947 N, -83.0972761 W), Columbus, Ohio.

There are a lot of plants there, here is the view of Indian Village area, a lot of trees and shrubs present around the grassland next to Scioto river. The dominant trees are oaks, maples and basswood.


New Trees!

River Birch (Betula nigra)

The first new tree is the river birch (black birch or water birch), as its name depicts, this birch is found along stream-sides. This tree has alternatively arranged single toothed leaves. It usually occurs in floodplains and swamps. This tree bark has loose layers of curling, paper thin scales. Younger trees tend to have these characteristics while older trees have scales that are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates.

One fun fact of them is that the essential oils derived from leaves, inner bark, and buds of B. nigra are mostly composed of eugenol, linalool, palmitic acid, and heptacosane with many more compounds in smaller concentrations. And, they have also demonstrated insecticidal, nematicidal, and antibacterial properties!


Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

The second new tree  is the eastern redbud. it has alternative single heat-shaped leaves. The twigs are slender and zigzag, dark red-purple-ish in color. They has beautiful pink flowers from spring to early summer, on bare stems before the leaves, sometimes on the trunk itself.

The flower can be eaten fresh or fried! And in some parts of southern Appalachia, green twigs from the eastern redbud are used as seasoning spices.


Shrubs!

Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

The first shrub is buckthorn. It is a species of small tree in the flowering plant family Rhamnaceae. Their leaves are arranged somewhat variably in opposite to subopposite pairs or alternately. It was introduced to North America as an ornamental shrub in the early 19th century, but it is classified as an invasive plant in several US states.

The seeds and leaves are mildly poisonous for humans and most other animals, but are readily eaten by birds, who disperse the seeds in their droppings.

The fruit is a globose black drupe, and contains two to four seeds. I crushed one fruit and there were 2 seeds in it.


Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii)

The next shrub is a Amur honeysuckle. it is a species of honeysuckle in the family Caprifoliaceae that is native to temperate western Asia and considered a significant invasive species in the U.S. It is a deciduous shrub with opposite arranged entire leaves. They are planted as ornamental shrubs sometimes for its attractive flowers and planted to control erosion and to form hedges as well.

Their flowers are sometimes savored by children, who remove blossoms and pull off their bottoms so as to suck out the sweet nectar in the centers. However, the berries are mildly poisonous to humans and therefore should not be consumed.


Flowers!

Annual Fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

Since it’s reaching fall already, I didn’t find a lot of flowers in Indian village area. Here is some white flower with yellow centers in the family Asteraceae. It often grows as an annual (so it is named as annual fleabane) but can sometimes grow as a biennial. It is herbaceous with alternate, simple leaves. It is native to North America and Central America and it is a native pioneer species that often colonizes disturbed areas such as pastures, abandoned fields, vacant lots, roadsides, railways, and waste areas.


Hoary Tick-trefoil (desmodium canescens ? )

Here is the second flowering plant I found there, classic bilateral symmetric pink-purple flower which belong to family fabaceae (Its flower looks like a pink squidward lol). I am not 100% sure which specie is this under genus desmodium, but I am guessing it’s a tick-trefoil. It is sometimes called a tick clover, hitch hikers or beggar lice as well. They have the special ability to fix nitrogen as fabacese to improve soil fertility.

They produce small legumes and their fruit are loments, meaning each seed is dispersed individually enclosed in its segment.


Poison Ivy! (Toxicodendron radicans)

I got sooo lucky that I spotted a poison ivy right after I parked my car. It is a parasitic plant that will grow on other trees or vegetation. this one crawled over on a big  American basswood (I think it is..). It has trifoliate leaves with three almond-shaped leaflets, and leaflet clusters are alternate on the vine. The leaves may be smooth or notched on the same plant. Their vines grow on the trunk of a tree and become firmly attached through numerous aerial rootlets.


Thank you for reading my webpage, I took a picture of my car with the poison ivy, touched it a little, wish I will be fine. (finger-crossed)