About Cedar Bog…

Cedar Bog is one of Ohio’s natural landmarks. The fen and swamp forest consists of 40% of Ohio’s rare plant and animal species all in one place. However, contrary to the name, Cedar Bog is not really a bog, but is what is known as a “fen”. Bogs are formed when rainfall gathers in a low area, while a fen is formed from an underground aquafer rising. Fens also have a continuous flow to them unlike bogs that become stagnate.

Cedar Bog

https://www.ohiohistory.org/visit/museum-and-site-locator/cedar-bog-nature-preserve

Scavenger Hunt – 2 Monocots

The first monocot that I chose to photograph was the Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus). It is distinctive due to its large leaves and stingy smell, hence the name. The Native Americans use to use skunk cabbage for medicinal purposes to treat nervous disorders, respiratory  diseases, and dropsy.

Skunk cabbage, Symplocarpus foetidus

The next monocot that I chose to document was the lady slipper orchid (Cypredium). The wild lady slipper orchid can be distinguished by the flower in the center of two leaves actually resembles a slipper of a woman. The colors can range from yellow, pink, white and purple shades. This stunning wildflower is native to much of North America and even some parts of Europe and is very popular to cultivate in one’s own garden.

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/orchids/lady-slipper-wildflower.htm

Fen Plants

The first fen plant on the list is the marsh marigold (Caltha pulustris). They can be distinguished by their yellow color and broadly heart-shaped leaves. The plant is actually edible early in its life, but wait too long and the leaves become poisonous. The CC value or the coefficient of conservatism value is a 3.

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=capa5

The next fen plant on the list is poison sumac (Toxcondendron vernix). It is a shrub with reddish stems that usually have 7-13 leaflets that are opposite to one another except for the ones at the very end. Although poison sumac is not common in Ohio, it can still be found in fens and swamps. It is considered one of the most poisonous plants in the country. The CC level for this plant is a 2.0.

Poison Ivy?…. Poison Oak?…. Poison Sumac?

The next plant on the list is sundew (Drosera rotondifolia). These little guys can be distinguished by their flowers that grow to be red or pink color. They are a carnivorous plant due to them being able to slowly digest insects. The medicinal property of these plants are that it can be used as an efficient anti-inflammatory. The CC value for this plant is 2.0.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drosera_rotundifolia

The final plant on the list is the swamp buttercup (Ranunculus septentrionalis). This plant can be identified by the yellow flowers and alternate leaves that sprawl across the ground. This plant was used for treating pain by the Native Americas and the juice was used as a blistering argent. The CC value for this plant is 0.